Synagoga and Ecclesia in Our Time, Artwork by sculptor Joshua Koffman. Exhibited in Philadelphia in July 2015.

Azriel Petahiah (Bonaiuto) Ben Moshe ALATINO (at the turn of the seventeenth century): Vikkuah al-nitzhiyyut ha-Torah. The disputation took place in April 1617 in Ferrara between the author and a Jesuit priest named Alfonso Caracciolo.


The text of the disputation was edited in Livorno: G. Jaré (ed), Vikkuah al Nitzhiyyut ha-Torah: ba-ir elav ha-Pereq 25 mi-Maamar 3 le-Sefer ha-Ikarim (Livorno, 1876). The text was reprinted in J. D. Eisenstein (ed), Ozar Vikkuhim (New York, 1929) 193-200 and in Qetaim mi-Sifrut ha-Pulmus (Jerusalem, 1969-70).


The text of the disputation is extant in thirteen manuscripts:

  1. Budapest, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Kaufmann Collection (BUD 299, seventeenth-century Italian type handwriting), 116-149

    The item is digitized.

  2. Budapest, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Kaufmann Collection (BUD 311, eighteenth-century Italian type handwriting), 238-246

    The item is digitized.

  3. Budapest, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Kaufmann Collection (BUD 557, seventeenth-eighteenth-century Italian type handwriting), 225-257

    The item is digitized.

  4. Jerusalem, Mosad ha-Rav Kook (JER KOOK 38, eighteenth-century Italian type handwriting), 1r-19v
  5. London, British Library (LON BL 1066 = LON BL Add. 26948, eighteenth-century Italian type handwriting), 18r-26r

    The item is digitized.

  6. Mantova, Comunita Israelitica (MANT 67, seventeenth-century Italian type handwriting), 1r-18v

    The item is digitized.

  7. Moscow, Russian State Library, Günzburg Collection (MOS RSL 279, seventeenth-century Italian type handwriting), 163r-173r
  8. New York, Jewish Theological Seminary (NY JTS 2336, seventeenth-century Italian type handwriting), 139r-153r

    The item is digitized.

  9. New York, Jewish Theological Seminary (NY JTS 2381, seventeenth-eighteenth-century Italian type handwriting), 1r-8v, defective

    The item is digitized.

  10. New York, Jewish Theological Seminary (NY JTS 2461, seventeenth-century Italian type handwriting), 1r-13r

    The item is digitized.

  11. Oxford, Bodleian Library (OX 2587, seventeenth-century Italian type handwriting), 1r-17v
  12. Oxford, Bodleian Library (OX 2785, eighteenth-century Italian type handwriting), 5r-20r
  13. Parma, Biblioteca Palatina (PARMA 2741, eighteenth-century, Italian /Rashi/ type handwriting), 1r-15v

    The item is digitized.

Secondary Literature


© Karoly Daniel Dobos: Jewish-Christian Polemics in Early Modern Italy

Research that enabled the preparation of this bibliography was sponsored by the Anniversary Fund of the National Bank of Austria (Jubiläumsfonds der Österreichischen Nationalbank, project number: 16099: "Jüdisch-christiliche Polemik: Akkulturation und Modernisierung")


The webpage was created by Karoly Daniel Dobos